Technology the world over remains a vital component of the solution to asymmetric challenges the world faces in contemporary dispensation. In retrospect it has been observed that in the last few decades the market forces essentially dictate the growth of technology and subsequently military technologists take a note of it and then modify it for militaristic purpose to win asymmetric warfare. There lies the nexus between technology, national security and development in the military.
COMMANDANT NDC NIGERIA REAR ADMIRAL ADENIYI OSINOWO PRESENTING A SOUVENIR
TO THE VICE PRESIDENT NDU BEIJING CHINA MAJOR GENERAL ZHOA WENHUA
DURING THE GEO-STRATEGIC STUDY TOUR TO CHINA
Advertently, Nigeria needs to continue to key into the emerging technologies to combat security challenges such as Boko Haram, headsmen attack, kidnapping, militancy, piracy, sea robbery and other sundry crimes. This is because Nigeria faces a broad and complex array of challenges to its national security. These and many other factors have informed the National Defence College for a fact finding mission to proffer solution to some of the emerging security threats, owing to the fact that technology supports a number of military functions.
The 2018 Geo-Strategic World Study Tour for Participants of NDC Course 26 to selected countries across the globe took place from 12-26 May 2018. A total of 20 countries were visited with each of the 10 Teams visiting 2 countries within the selected countries for the period of the tour. The selected 10 countries for the first segment includes; Angola, Australia, Argentina, Botswana, Brazil, India. Others are Jordan, South Korea, Tunisia and Venezuela. While the selected 10 countries for the second segment of the tour includes, Brunei, China, Cuba, Finland, Indonesia, Ireland. Others are Morocco, Nepal, Trinidad & Tabago and Turkey. The study tour is part of the College’s academic schedule to evaluate transnational and international factors that shape policy and strategy in selected regions. Hence divergent academic themes were assigned to each syndicate for the derivable economic, social, political and technological benefits to the nation. The tour was executed to achieve the objectives of the theoretical teachings of Block 6, which is international affairs and regional studies including world study tour. A total of 136 participants of the National Defence College Course 26 which include 16 allied Participants that cut across Asia, Europe and part of Africa, Faculty Members, administrative staff and the Commandant, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo embarked on the 2018 Geo-Strategic World Study Tour.
Relatively, the Commandant National Defence College, Rear Admiral Osinowo paid a courtesy call on the Commandant National Defence College India, Vice Admiral Srikant in the latter’s office. Admiral Srikant asserted that adversaries also seek technological enabled capabilities for their own purposes and sometimes they are influenced by demonstrations that a given technology has proven in practice. He further emphasized that most often these technologies are acquired by adverse state actors to support terrorists for selfish reasons. Therefore it becomes expedient for the fact finding mission of participants of Course 26 to proffer solution that will negate, dampen or puncture the centre of gravity of the adversaries that have embraced technology in committing insurgency and criminalities. This will serve as prophylactic measures in combating insurgency and terrorism in the nation’s security architecture. Paradoxically, these set of criminals are against western education and technology but yet embrace technology for mass destruction. The Commandant, National Defence College, Rear Admiral Osinowo in his response said, considering the increasing dependence of adversaries on computer and communication technology in asymmetric warfare. He said there is the need to inculcate an increased cyber weapons which provide a potentially important means by which adversaries cyber systems can be destroyed, degraded, disrupted, denied and usurped.
COMMANDANT NDC NIGERIA REAR ADMIRAL ADENIYI OSINOWO PRESENTING A SOUVENIR TO
THE COMMANDANT NDC INDIA VICE ADMIRAL SRIKANT DURING THE GEO-STRATEGIC STUDY TOUR TO INDIA
Consequently, the Nigerian Ambassador to India, Major General Chris Eze (rtd) played host to the Commandant National Defence College, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo and National Defence College Course 26 Participants during the 2018 Geo-Strategic Study Tour to India. Also worthy of note was the Commandant’s courtesy call on the Deputy Chief of Naval Staff India, Vice Admiral Ashok Kumar. The duo had pleasantries where issues of mutual interest between the 2 countries and Navies were discussed.
Similarly, the Commandant paid a courtesy call on the Vice President National Defence University Beijing China, Major General Zhoa Wenhua. He briefed the Commandant National Defence College Nigeria that the People Liberation Force (PLA), formerly the Second Artillery Corps is the strategic and the tactical force of the People’s Republic of China. He reiterated that the People’s Liberation Army Rocket Force (PLARF) is a component part of the PLA and controls the nation’s arsenal of land ballistic missiles. In furtherance, he said the military arm was established on 1 July 1966 and made its first public appearance on 1 October 1984 and that the headquarters for operations is located at Qingbe, Beojing.
The General equally briefed the Admiral that in total, China is estimated to be in possession of 260 nuclear warheads with a number of them active and ready to deploy. He added that China has the largest land-based missile arsenal in the world and has the potential to destroy targets even without nuclear warheads. Major General Zhao, the Vice President National Defence University Beijing described the PLARF as China’s core force for strategic deterrence and a strategic arsenal for China’s position as a major power and an important cornerstone for defending national security. He reiterated that PLARF has used a variety of channels including military parades, official media reports, social media and even music video to highlight its strategic deterrence and conventional precision strike capabilities.
The Nigerian political and military elites should consider attaching importance to Defence Industry Corporation of Nigeria (DICON) by modernizing its technological capabilities in support of military operation for conventional deterrence and cyber warfare operations especially in the North East operations. Also, the Nigerian government should conduct innovations in weaponry and equipment by reliance on research, science and technology for reliability and effectiveness of the Nigerian armed forces. Nigerian government need to consider the need to invest in maintaining and modernizing its weaponry arsenal as well as increasing its multidimensional approach in combating the on-going asymmetric warfare in the North East. These proposed plans will pose strategic challenges to the adversaries in executing acts of wanton destruction, thereby enhancing the countries security architecture.
In another development, the Commandant National Defence College Nigeria, Rear Admiral Osinowo paid a courtesy call on the Deputy Head of Mission, Embassy of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Beijing China, Ambassador Usman Aliyu. He briefed the Commandant and the participants of National Defence College course 26 that visited China, that China announced it would invest $360 billion in renewable energy by 2020. He also asserted that Chinese authorities reported in March 2017 that the country was already exceeding official targets for energy efficiency. He added that for the period he has been in China, electricity supply has not failed and if for any reason there is power surge you would be notified many months before the occurrence and it would not last more than 5 minutes. Nigeria could toy same effort to achieve electricity sufficiency distribution in order to address incessant electricity supply in the country. Above all, the 2018 Geo-Strategic World StudyTour was a total success.
THE DEPUTY COMMANDANT AND DIRECTOR OF STUDIES PRESENTING A SOUVENIR
DURING THE GEO-STRATEGIC WORLD STUDY TOUR TO BRAZIL
GROUP PHOTOGRAPH MARKING THE 2018 GEO-STRATEGIC STUDY TOUR TO INDIA
GROUP PHOTOGRAPH MARKING THE 2018 GEO-STRATEGIC STUDY TOUR TO INDIA
The National Defence College Nigeria and the College of International Security Affairs – National Defence University Washington is holding a bilateral training workshop for strategic level training on counter terrorism and irregular threats from 30 April to 4 May 2018. The Inauguration Ceremony took place at the Abacha Hall, National Defence College on 30 April 2018. The workshop is geared towards training strategic level officers in Nigeria and some International countries in order to make meaningful contribution towards counter terrorism and irregular threats in the country.
The plenary was to cover fundamental of contemporary irregular warfare, root causes of irregular conflict as drivers of alienation and radicalization, counter terrorism/counter insurgency at the strategic level.
Other areas the plenary covered include transnational crime in the Sahel, Nigeria experience in counter terrorism/counter insurgency and organized crime and violent extremism in West Africa, the Nexus and Linkages. It is expected that at the end of the workshop, participants would be able to evaluate the strategic estimate template as a critical tool in dealing with current challenges, differentiate between terrorism as a method and terrorism as logic as well as to understand the implications for strategic response.
Also, participants are expected to evaluate the utility and limitations of counter insurgency doctrine and principle, conduct a strategic assessment of Operation Lafiya Dole and understand the nexus and linkages between transnational crimes and violent extremism in West Africa. Prior to the Inauguration Ceremony, the Vice President, College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington, Ambassador Mike Hammar paid a courtesy call on the Commandant, National Defence College Nigeria, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo to discuss issues of interest to both institutions.
Ambassador Hammar asserted that in spite of the benefits of such a workshop, it would go a long way in strengthening the relationship between the Defence University and the College. Ambassador Hammar was accompanied by two senior staff of the University during the courtesy call. In his remarks, Rear Admiral Osinowo assured the visiting team of the readiness of the College to further corporate with the National Defence University in any relevant area of interest. He reiterated that the Workshop is a step towards strengthening the relationship between the two institutions.
He acquainted the visitors with the activities of the College and affirmed that the College is of International Standard and that it has participants from Asia, Europe and part of Africa.
The Commandant, National Defence College Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo used the opportunity to advise participants to make strategic level contributions during the workshop and come up with actionable communiqué during the workshop.
With the desire to contribute towards producing appropriate foreign policy by the relevant stakeholders for the Nigerian nation, National Defence College Nigeria under the auspice of its Commandant, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo is poised to continue making the conduct of foreign policy roundtable a prerequisite. The Commandant revealed this when the Executive Council of the Association of Retired Career Ambassadors of Nigeria (ARCAN) led by its Chairman, Ambassador John Kayode Shinkaiye paid him a courtesy visit in the College’s Conference Hall.
The Commandant asserted that the Nigerian foreign policy is being misunderstood mostly. He then observed that the foreign policy of other countries as it affects Nigeria should be allowed to determine Nigerian foreign policy as it affects that same country. Rear Admiral Osinowo further asserted that the Nigerian nation at this point in time is in dear need of the knowledge and experiences of the members of ARCAN on foreign policy formulation. “Therefore, your forum should not fail to advise the government as appropriate in terms of foreign policy in its dynamic nature, the world over. We are today getting what we are seeing in the developed world in your forum,” he added.
He reiterated that the College is adding value in capacity building through its Centre for Research and Strategic Studies by conducting relevant researches that are being sponsored by the College in conjunction with other foreign governments, organizations and agencies. He then said, “We shall continue to partner with your forum in that regard. Once again, be reassured of our readiness to work with your forum,” he further said.
While delivering the ARCAN mission address earlier on, Ambassador Shinkaiye traced the history of the Association to 1984 when it was established with its headquarters at Lagos as a non-profit and non-political oriented voluntary forum that was geared towards fostering a resounding foreign policies for the Nigerian nation through advises that may resonate through its members’ knowledge and experiences as retired career ambassadors. It was in this vein, that he disclosed that the body was making deliberate effort to advise the government on the on-going issue of accepting or not accepting Morocco as a member nation of AU. Ambassador Shinkaiye asserted that accepting Morocco as a member nation of the AU may add nothing positive to the Union, rather than to take advantage of the well-organized organization in the AU. “The issue must be properly examined before any decisive resolution is being reached on this matter,” he earnestly advised.
He commended the College for reaching out to many African countries through its geo-strategic regional study tour and expressed hope that the College would continue to maintain relationship with its international participants at all level in the light of encouraging positive foreign relations with other countries as the participating individuals exceeded beyond Africa to Asia and other nations of the world. “More so, we hope that their perception about Nigeria will change positively after staying one year in the country during the duration of the course,” he added further.