Anti-Corruption Strategies: A...

The Acting Chairman Economic and Financial Crimes Commission, Mr Ibrahim Magu said corruption is a global phenomenon with deep historical roots. It is as old as mankind and became visible when governmental institutions emerged in human society. He made this remarks during the lecture he delivered to participants of National Defence College Nigeria course 27. He reiterated that, corruption should not be regarded as peculiar to Nigeria. Its existence and various forms of manifestations is part of a worldwide trend. Nevertheless, corruption has been spreading like an epidemic in Nigeria in recent years and has produced far reaching negative social consequences. It is a dreadful crime that undermines democracy and the rule of law, distorts markets, deepens poverty, widens income inequality, erodes the quality of life of citizens and encourages organized crime and other vices, he added.


He emphasized during the lecture, that it has become necessary for us to fight corruption with the urgency and seriousness it deserves. The Chairman therefore lauded the National Defence College for the invitation to make the presentation on “Corruption and Anti-Corruption Strategies in Nigeria: The Way Forward”, as timely and important. He further emphasized that concerted effort towards fighting corruption by Federal Government of Nigeria began many years ago. The basis for such intervention was derived from two sources, viz, the existence of massive corruption in society and Section 16 (5) of the Nigerian Constitution which states that: “The State shall eradicate all corrupt practices and abuse of power.” Hence, it became a constitutional duty for Federal Government of Nigeria to spearhead the fight against corruption in Nigeria.


The EFCC Chairman added that a combination of several factors was responsible for the establishment of the EFCC in 2003. One factor was the long history of corruption in Nigeria that inflicted so much damage on our society, transforming the country into a haven of money laundering. The second was the need to curb massive corruption and lack of accountability in the private and public sectors. The third was the blacklisting of Nigeria, along with 22 other countries, as a Non-Cooperating Territory by the Financial Action Task Force, which threatened to shut down the inflow of direct foreign investment.


Similarly, the Commandant, National Defence College, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo said that corruption has continued to have negative impact on economic development, increases social inequality and aggravates political instability in nationhood and therefore advised participants of course 27 being trained as strategic leaders to take the crusade of anti-corruption seriously when they get to the field. He added that President Muhammadu Buhari has taken the challenge of corruption in a serious dimension. He concluded that, the President has demonstrated the political will by giving a free hand to the anti-corruption agencies to operate freely without restrictions.

Integrity Key to Governance...

President Muhammadu Buhari’s integrity remains an asset to Africa at a period the continent is facing multiple challenges and the need for good governance and stability on the continent. The Chairperson of African Union Commission, His Excellency Moussa Faki Mahamat made this remarks recently when he delivered a lecture titled “Good Governance and Regional Security: Strategic Options for the African Union’’ to participants of National Defence College Course 27. He further reiterated that Africa Heads of States appointed President Buhari to lead the charge against corruption on the continent due to his integrity and disposition as the continent is faced with issues of corruption, poverty, human rights violation, insecurity, human trafficking among others. He also asserted that Nigeria remains a major pillar in getting African countries out of the present quagmire.


In another development, the Chairperson African Union Commission expressed concern over the large numbers of African youths migrating to European countries and the attendant deaths on the sea. He concluded that this portrays a symbol of dis-functioning of the systems of governance in African States, especially on the factors motivating the movements. He however, noted that while the African Unions is collaborating with other commissions and unions to end the crisis. He further asserted that the solution is not repatriation, but creation of Jobs, training of youths and urgent end to bad governance.


The Chairperson African Union therefore commended the effort of the Nigerian Government in the establishment of National Defence College to train Strategic level officers which will contribute their respective quota in solving some of these challenges of insecurity when deployed to the field.

The Commandant, National Defence College Abuja, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo while making his remarks described, the National Defence College as the highest strategic tri-service training and research institution in Nigeria and Sub-Sahara Africa. He added that the College undoubtedly ranks among the best strategic level institutions for higher management of defence in the world. He reiterated that in the 26 years of existence of National Defence College Abuja, the College has trained some of the finest military and para military senior officers within and outside as well as their civilian counterparts, who have made and still making significant contributions to national security and development in their respective countries. He concluded that the lecture delivered by His Excellency Moussa Faki Mahamat was aimed at reinforcing the leadership foundation of the core mandate of the National Defence College, Abuja. He explained why the National Defence College considered it necessary to invite no other eminent personality on African affairs to discuss the subject matter, than the African Union Commission Chairperson.


His Excellency Moussa Faki Mahamat was born in the town of Biltine in the Eastern Chad. He is a constitutional lawyer by profession. He attended University in Brazzaville in the Republic of the Congo, where he studied law. He went into exile when Hissein Habré took over power on June 7, 1982 where he joined the Democratic Revolutionary Council headed by Acheikh Ibn Oumar. He did not return to Chad when Acheikh joined with Habré in 1988. He eventually returned on 7 June 1991, after President Déby took over power. He was Director General of two ministries before serving as the Director General of the National Sugar Company between 1996 and 1999.

Subsequently, he served as Director of the Cabinet of President Déby from March 1999 to July 2002, and he was Déby's campaign director for the May 2001 presidential election. His Excellency Faki was then appointed as Minister of Public Works and Transport in the government of Prime Minister Haroun Kabadi, which was named on June 12, 2002. After a year in that post, he was appointed as Prime Minister by President Déby on June 24, 2003, replacing Kabadi. The appointment of Faki was unusual because, with Faki being a northerner, it meant that both the President and Prime Minister would be from the north; typically the post of Prime Minister was given to a southerner in order to balance the fact that the Presidency was held by Déby, a northerner. Faki resigned in early February 2005 amidst a civil service strike and a rumoured quarrel with President Déby.


His Excellency Faki was nominated as a member of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council on 19 January 2007 and was then elected as the Council's President in mid-February 2007. In the government of Prime Minister Youssouf Saleh Abbas, which was announced on 23 April 2008. He was then appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.


At the continental level and during his tenure as Foreign Minister of Chad, His Excellency Moussa Faki Mahamat chaired the United Nations Security Council for the month of December 2015. He also chaired the Peace and Security Council of the African Union in September 2013 and steered the Nairobi Extraordinary Summit on the fight against Terrorism. He also served as Chairman of the African Union Executive Council. His Excellency Faki has a formidable global reputation as a peace broker in Africa in a career that has placed a central focus on peace and security issues in Africa.

On 30 January 2017, he was elected to succeed South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma as Chairperson of the African Union Commission, defeating Amina Mohamed of Kenya. Hissein Brahim Taha was appointed to replace him as Chadian Minister of Foreign Affairs on 5 February 2017.

NDC and NDU Hold....

The National Defence College Nigeria and the College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington held a bilateral training workshop for faculty members on combating terrorism and irregular threats curriculum development. The workshop took place at the Centre for Strategic Research and Studies of the National Defence College Nigeria from 10-14 September 2018.


The workshop was geared towards sharing knowledge and exchanging ideas between faculty members of the institutions on strategic level estimates on irregular threats. The plenary covered irregular threats in the contemporary security environment, lexicon on operational design and framework as well as strategic framework estimate on the Boko Haram insurgency. It also covered the speciality issues, Sri Lanka on counter terrorism/ counter insurgency, the Nexus and linkages and also practical exercises on Boko Haram insurgency. A strategic estimate framework was developed and used as a critical tool in dealing with current security challenges in Nigeria and the Sahel region.


Prior to the commencement of the workshop, the leader of the College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington delegation, Ambassador Erica Barks Ruggles paid a courtesy call on the Commandant, National Defence College, Nigeria, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo to discuss issues of interest to both institutions in line with the memorandum of understanding. She used the opportunity to applaud the developmental strides in the Federal Capital Territory Abuja compared to the last time she visited Nigeria 20 years ago. Ambassador Ruggles asserted that College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington mission is to educate and prepare senior civilian and military security professionals and future leaders of the United State and partners as nations for the strategic challenges of the contemporary security environment. She emphasized that the College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington is the US Department of Defence flagship training institution for education and the building of partnerships capacity in combating terrorism and irregular warfare at the strategic level. Ambassador Ruggles expressed her appreciation to the National Defence College Nigeria for the collaboration and the hosting of the workshop which she described as unique in all ramifications. She expressed her desire for further cooperation and collaboration between National Defence College Nigeria and College of International Security Affairs, National Defence University Washington.

Earlier, during one of the series of lectures lined up for the workshop, Dr Thomas Marks, one of the resource persons from the United States opined that protecting citizens in all spectrum in a democratic dispensation is the fundamental responsibility of governance. He reiterated that the need to understand the root causes and drivers of radicalization which leads to violent extremism at the strategic level and develop a framework for a strategic response was what prompted the entire one week conduct of the workshop.


The Deputy Commandant and Director of Studies Major General Peter Dauke, in his sum up at the workshop observed that the facilitators have done justice to the subject matter as it relates to terrorism and other irregular security threats. He reiterated that a strategic leader must be critical in studying and analyzing any given situation before action. He added that, if one cannot be able to identify a problem, he or she cannot be able to resolve it appropriately. He informed the audience that as part of the efforts to enhance the relationship between the two institutions, the National Defence University Washington has invited the Commandant National Defence College Nigeria, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo, to visit the United States in order to explore areas for further collaboration.