Counter Terrorism and Counter Insurgency Operations In The Lake Chad Basin...

 

Since the 11 September 2001 attack on the World Trade Centre in New York, the scourge of terrorism has spread rapidly across the globe with bombings of Bali, Madrid and London in 2002, 2004 and 2005 respectively thereby presenting new security challenges for the world. The Force Commander Multinational Joint Task Force, Major General Chikezie Ude made this remark when he delivered a lecture titled “Counter Terrorism and Counter Insurgency in the Lake Chad Basin: Perspective of the Multinational Joint Task Force.” to participants of course 27 National Defence College Nigeria. He reiterated that the emerging threats posed by the menace of terrorism led to the evolution of counter terrorism strategies at global and regional levels. He however, emphasized that as countries in other continents of the world strengthened their counter terrorism measures, vulnerable states in Africa with weak institutions and under governed spaces where insurgency thrived, became attractive sanctuaries that facilitate recruitment, training and funding for terrorist groups with global networks in transnational organized crimes.

 

General Ude analyzed that the Lake Chad Basin falls within the Sahel belts and spreads beyond any single Regional Economic Community in Africa to accommodate countries in West, Central and North Africa. He added that the Lake Chad transcends the geographical boundaries of Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon which are littoral states to the Lake Chad to accommodate countries which do not share contiguous border or access to the Lake Chad such as Central African Republic and Libya. Relatively, the Joint Task Force Commander said that the primary mandate of the Lake Chad Basin Commission is to ensure equitable and sustainable management of the Lake Chad while preserving the ecosystem and promoting Sub-Regional integration, peace and security.

 

In another development, the Joint Task Force Commander identified two important aspects of counter terrorism. He analyzed the first as preventive measures to make citizens safer from terrorist threats through screening, monitoring, surveillance and random patrols by bomb-sniffing dogs among others. He added that the second aspect of counter terrorism is the active response which involves the neutralization of terrorist facilities, military actions amongst others. General Ude reiterated that military operations conducted by the Multinational Joint Task Force have reduced Boko Haram’s nuisance capacity as several villages formerly occupied by Boko Haram have been liberated and secured.

 

The Commandant National Defence College, Rear Admiral Mackson Kadiri used the opportunity to commend the Multinational Joint Task Force Commander for being an hero of the nation in the discharge of the constitutional mandate of securing the territorial integrity of the country, Nigeria. He reiterated that the scourge of terrorism in the Lake Chad Basin has resulted in far reaching consequences for security and development of the sub region. He added that core among these is the accompanying humanitarian consequences associated with deaths, human displacements and destruction of critical infrastructure. The Commandant concluded that importantly is the government’s effort in intensifying the counter terrorism and counter insurgency operations in the Lake Chad Basin which has greatly reduced attacks in the North East.

NDC Nigeria Gets New Commandant

 

The National Defence College Nigeria gets a new commandant. He is Rear Admiral Makanju Mackson Kadiri. The Commandant took over from Rear Admiral Adeniyi Adejimi Osinowo who was the 16th Commandant of the Highest Strategic Military Training Institution in Nigeria and Sub Sahara Region. The change was necessitated as Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo proceeded on retirement with effect from 2 March 2019 after 35 years of service to the Armed Forces and the Nation in entirety. The new commandant becomes the 17th commandant of the prestigious college.


The incumbent commandant, Rear Admiral Mackson Kadiri was granted Regular Combatant Commission in the rank of Sub Lieutenant in 1988 and rose to the current rank of Rear Admiral in 2015. He is a specialist Navigation and Direction officer who has attended several professional and academic courses. The senior officer is a graduate of the Senior Staff Course, Armed Forces Command and Staff College Jaji, Marine Safety Course, United States Coast Guard Training Centre Virginia United States of America, United Nations Administration and Logistic Course and International Peace Support Centre Nairobi Kenya. He holds a Master of Science degree in Political Science. Rear Admiral Kadiri has served in different capacities afloat and ashore in the course of his career. He served at different times onboard Nigeria Navy Ships RUWANYARO,OBUMA, AGU,HADEIJA,AYAM, LANA, OFIOM and AMBE. He was Commanding Officer Forward Operating Base FORMOSO and served as a directing staff at both the Armed Forces Command and Staff College Jaji and National Defence College Nigeria. He also served as Director Recruitment, Resettlement and Reserve; Director Monitoring, Evaluation and Reserve as well as Director of Operations all at the Naval Headquarters, Abuja. The senior officer was the Director Department of Maritime Warfare at the Armed Forces Command and Staff College Jaji and Navy Secretary at the Naval Headquarters. Until his appointment to the National Defence College Nigeria, he was the Chief of Training and Operations at the Naval Headquarters, Abuja.

 

 

The Admiral has participated in several international conferences and symposiums, the most recent being the Senior Leaders’ Symposium in Abidjan (2017), the Gulf of Guinea Commission Summit in Malabo (2016) and the Gulf of Guinea Navies’ Summit in Paris (2018). He is a Fellow of both the Nigerian Institute of Management and the Occupational Safety and Health Association of United Kingdom. He is also a Member of the United States Naval Institute. The senior officer is a recipient of the Grand Service Star (GSS), pass staff course dagger (psc+) and fellow defence college dagger (fdc+).  His hobbies include reading biographies, watching and playing tennis and soccer.

NDC 2019 Regional Study Tour: A Huge Success

 

The National Defence College embarked on Strategic Regional Study Tour for 2019. The Regional Study Tour for participants of National Defence College Course 27 was designed for the participants to visit some selected West African countries from 24 February to 2 March, 2019. A total of 5 countries were visited by the 5 teams, each team visited a country within the period of the Tour. The countries visited are Sierra Leone, Liberia, Congo Brazzaville, Sao Tome & Principe and Cabo Verde.

 

Academic themes were assigned to each team which was crafted to derive strategic geo-political lessons to better understand the dynamics of the ECOWAS environment. These themes are; Democratic Governance and National Development: Lesson for Nigeria, The Oil Industry and National Development in the Republic of Congo: Lesson for Nigeria, Tourism and National Development in Cabo Verde: Lesson for Nigeria, Hydrocarbon Exploration and National Development in Sao Tome & Principe: Lesson for Nigeria and Agriculture and National Development in Sierra Leone: Lesson for Nigeria.

 

The Commandant National Defence College, Rear Admiral Adeniyi Osinowo, who visited Cabo Verde said the Regional Study Tour for participants of National Defence College Course 27 was part of the College’s academic schedule which was painstakingly planned and executed to achieve the objectives of the College. He reiterated that, governments, the world over strive to provide enabling environment to ensure the well being of the citizens. He added that this is achieved mostly through security of lives and properties. Relatively, he advised participants of National Defence College Course 27 to seize the opportunity of the Tour to relax psychologically and mentally to further reduce the stress associated with the entanglements of the Course.

 

In another development, the Deputy Commandant and Director of Studies of the National Defence College, Major General Peter Dauke who visited Sierra Leone in the course of the Tour said the Tour was to afford participants the opportunity to understand the bilateral and geo-political relationships between Sierra Leone and Nigeria. He said the visit will equally give participants the opportunity to understand the dynamics of international politics and its impact on Sierra Leone. The Deputy Commandant made these remarks during the visit to the Sierra Leone, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Dr Alie Kabba at his Tower Hill Office in Freetown. Major General Dauke seized the opportunity to give the synopsis of the National Defence College Nigeria to the Honourable Minister.

 

The Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation welcomed participants with the depth of historical ties between Nigeria and Sierra Leone which he said was a special relationship that the people and government appreciated and prioritized. He added that Sierra Leone has perceived Nigeria as a reliable, steady and trusted partner since Sierra Leone’s independence. He reiterated that Nigeria and Sierra Leone are active members of the International System and that they have been able to advance their common interests not only within West Africa, ECOWAS, AU, but internationally.

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